COOLIE MULK RAJ ANAND PDF
The PDF of the book is available on the following link ecogenenergy.info ecogenenergy.info  Mulk Raj Anand‟s second novel. Coolie was published in the year It may be regarded as a social tragedy of a common man, where Munoo is a tragic . Anand highlights the class- conflict between upper caste people and lower caste people in his novels. Mulk raj Anand's 'Coolie' gives a chilling picture of a down.
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Caught In-between Two Worlds: Ambivalence between Tradition and Modernity in Mulk Raj Anand's Untouchable and Coolie I have become a queer mixture of. MULK RAJ ANAND'S COOLIE: AN EPIC OF MISERY. TALLURI ARUNA KUMAR. Lecturer in English. Anand's Coolie is a unique and original in many ways. Coolie - Mulk Raj Anand - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Anand.
The other curse is political oppressions of the rulers. The novels of Anand focus on both the factors with equal zeal.
They reveal the vicious vogue of exploitation of the helpless people in the country under foreign rule. The ruler is successful to impress his subjects by an artful display of eternal glories.
Coolie - Mulk Raj Anand
Often the ruled falls into his trap and surrenders to the splendour by worshipping his oppressor. The colonial lords cherish the sense of superiority as a sacred principle.
They regard it their duty to treat the natives as slaves. With racial malice exists the keen sense of class division even in the rulers. Needless to mention that Anand's novel 'Coolie' vividly depicts the picture of society in which the evil of colonial rule appears in various forms.
It portrays the social class distinction between the rich and the poor and also presents the kaleidoscopic but sad and pathetic life of Munoo. It is a human tragedy caused by poverty, exploitation, cruelty, greed and selfishness. It is not the fate or Almighty who is responsible for the tragedy of Munoo, but the society in which he is brought up. They have no sense of self respect, no dignity.
They are bitten from pillars to post and are compelled to live like animals in the most unhygienic surroundings. They are constantly exploited and ill treated and they have been reduced to the state of 'Subaltern'. The novel is a saga of millions of 'marginalised' people who fight a fierce battle against the 'killer demon', starvation set on them by their masters.
It is always a callous and blind combat to liberate oneself from the clutches of death. Constant fear and weariness brings about a state of spiritual apathy in the victims. The flourish of all sorts of vices in the mind of man is the direct outcome of the colonial oppression. In the first chapter of 'Coolie' Munoo grows up in a village in custody of his uncle while his parents die fighting against poverty and oppression. The second chapter shows the boy in the humiliating employment of a servant in the house of Babu Nathoo Ram.
He breaks away from his suffocating life only to fall into another in the Bilaspur pickle factory in the third chapter. Spirit of adventure, passion for life and high aspiration lead the boy to the distant metropolitan city Bombay in the fourth chapter.
Here Munoo experiences the wretched existence of the factory workers and the sudden eruption of communal violence. After this in a terrible climax, destiny offers him a comparative relief in the last chapter for some time only to be overcome finally by a tragic denouement as Munoo succumbs to a deadly disease caused by mal- nutrition and overwork.
One thing here is worthy of mention that Munoo's terrible disgrace and misery arise from the British policy of exploitation.
The colonial or the capitalist ruler encouraged mal-distribution of wealth so that they can purchase loyalty of a selection of people by social and economic privileges. Thus came into existence a class of rich natives nourished by the masters' favour. They learn to hate their poor countrymen in imitation of the English.
As exploiters they were no less terrible than the British. Anand has given right focus on this class of people and their role in running the lives of the coolies.
Dissertations on environmental issues
The English owner of the cotton mill pays low wages to its workers, makes no arrangement for a decent living and often cuts pay in order to ensure profit. Saros Cowasjee's comment on how the British rulers corrupted the Indian spiritually apart from robbing them economically is relevant in this regard.
England's visit to the house of Nathoo Ram illustrates Anand's conviction that the British government not only exploited the country's natural resources, but debased the characters of the Indians who were in its service. It created a body of sycophants …becoming a ready tool of exploitation in the hands of their masters. Anand has emerged to be a true post colonial writer when the critics have brought the charge of propaganda against him.
Anand's work often contains an open indictment against the British rulers. With him India has received an unceasing champion of the cause of the poor and the lowly whose writings arrest the critical attention of the learned people towards the inhuman, hated and unjustified conditions of the down-trodden and the deprived of Indian society. It is basically a tragic story of the individual caught in the net of the age-old caste system. Throughout the novel one incident of abusing the 'sub-human' Bakha followed by a host of insultings.
Mulk Raj Anand's Coolie : A Protest Against Discrimination
The entire 'sunalterned' family of Bakha is nailed down. Each scene of 'denigration' is worth reading, a bit more sensitively. The ebony skinned and sprightly sweeper boy is one of the sons of Lakha, the Jamadar of the sweepers. As the day dawns, his work of latrine-cleaning also begins. And though his job was dirty, he remained comparatively clean. Symbolically this may suggest his initial self-pride which would later receive multiple blows from the superior agents of the society.
It conducts us on a guided tour of India and gives us a cross- section of India and Indian society. It studies the relationship of the rich and the poor, of children, of servant and master, and of the poor themselves, and of Indians and Europeans.
Coolie is the one of the great hunger novels, with hunger, starvation, suffering, sickness, disease and degradation. It is episodic in nature.
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It relates a series of adventures and episodes which have no logical or casual unity. It relates his adventures or misadventures in Sham Nagar, in Daulatpur, in Bombay, and finally in Shimla where he dies. First, he works as a domestic servant and is ill treated.
Next, he works as a boy servant in a pickle factory and then as a coolie in grain market. In the last phase of his life he works as a domestic servant and rickshaw-puller till he dies of consumption.
In other words like a picaresque novel, it is not a novel of character, but a novel of movement and action. At every juncture in his life Munno is helped by some kind- hearted sympathetic person, and in this way chance and accident determine the course of his life.
This novel is characterised by a wide variety of events and characters. The canvas of Coolie is a crowded one, so that the novelist has given us fully developed, three dimensional and memorable figures. In the manner of the picaresque, characters appear on the stage for a short while, and then disappear for good. The characters who enter his life in Bombay go out of his life as he leaves Bombay and reaches Shimla. Nothing more of heard of them; we do not know what happens to Hari and his family and to Ratan.
There is no single character except Munoo who is present throughout the novel. A picaresque novel is panoramic in nature. The movement of the hero from one place to another gives the novelist an opportunity to present a wide panorama of social life, the purpose being social criticism and social indictment.
It seemed to come to life with its illusory mirages of sand and its extraordinarily sparse population of camels, tied tail to nose and nose to tail, as they threaded the wastes, behind the drivers who struggled on foot against hunger and drought. An occasional collection of tents or ruined outhouse reminded Munoo of the caravan serais he had seen on the outskirts of Sham Nagar.
And he tried to picture the rough life that the horse dealers and buffalo stealers lived.Language in India. Worldview, Its action is not confined to some particular village, but moves from the village to the city, from the North to the South, and then again to the North. Post-Hindu India: First, he works as a domestic servant and is ill treated.
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