PERCHE LA CHIESA GIUSSANI PDF
Perché la Chiesa: Volume terzo del PerCorso. Giussani Luigi Autore. Rizzoli. Italiano Luogo di edizione . L'avvenimento cristiano: Uomo Chiesa Mondo. Results Perché la Chiesa: Volume terzo del PerCorso. Giussani Luigi Author. Rizzoli. Italian . L'avvenimento cristiano: Uomo Chiesa Mondo. Perché la Chiesa by Luigi Giussani is Religion & Spirituality Dopo assert affrontato il tema del senso religioso - essenza della razionalità e.
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So that we can eat.
Why do we eat? So that we can live. What do we live for? You can ask this question for all steps in all work processes. We can ignore this question of meaning, but we cannot turn it off.
It often gets ignored, but it remains. Which answers are there to this question? The simplest: I have to work in order to earn my living, in order to provide my family. That can then expand further. I want to raise my children as best as possible. I want good relationships with my colleagues. I want good relationships with my customers. I want my company to run well so that it provides jobs, so that others can benefit from it and can start families on there own.
I can extend that and realise that the contribution I make to my company is ultimately a contribution to the common good.
But I can also see that work makes me more mature. I acquire a certain self-awareness. I get to know myself: my talents, my abilities, my limits. Furthermore I can develop my relationship skills. I can also develop what has been called virtues: moderation, justice, bravery.
I can also do my work at the service of the one who gave me myself, but this always means that I also do it at the service of the people I am entrusted with. Most of these considerations, which we continue to make, also apply to unpaid work. We must also bear in mind that there is unpaid work.
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Work is work, whether it is paid or not. There are a lot of volunteers, a lot of mothers, a lot of housewives: they do a great service and are not paid for it. Of course I can also live work as a drug. In other words, I no longer ask myself what for, but it becomes a substitute for this question to me - and that happens very quickly in modern working worlds. I immerse myself in work, I get intoxicated by work, and as long as it goes well, everything is fine, but when it does not go well anymore, it ends very badly.
The other big danger is that I identify myself with the work. I identify myself with what I achieve.
I then also identify myself with failure, which leads to these oscillations between intoxication and depression, which we experience very frequently. Let us turn to the working conditions, because everything I have said so far happens in certain conditions. And these conditions can promote all this or can also endanger it.
The Religious Sense
I would like to just briefly recall how working conditions arise. Since there have been people, they have tried to improve their living conditions. In other words, the desire for a better, more pleasant, less arduous life has always been the driving force behind a change in lifeworlds and thus also in working conditions.
All of that already started when people settled down. When the times of hunters and gatherers came to an end, the era of working conditions as something naturally given per se ended as well.
Mankind, by starting to breed animals, has created new working conditions for himself through this breeding, through agriculture. Philosophers refer to it as a second constitution of reality, i. And now we get to the point that particularly concerns us today, that these days we are living in a world, in which we are facing almost only this second constitution of reality, so to speak. We have children growing up in cities, that do not even know anymore what a stable is, what a meadow is, what a tree is, they only see it in pictures, or on television.
Everything else is already somehow produced or reproduced. And of course that creates a certain culture. A certain work culture, a life culture, in which this - let's call it nostalgic - direct reference to reality diminishes.
And I would like to briefly emphasise some of the situations, that we are facing these days. You all know that we are talking about industry 4. I want to go through this very briefly, to realise, that there was an incredibly rapid development after the Middle Ages.
Until the end of the Middle Ages work, the development of worlds of work was linear. Medicine had progressed, but relatively linear. Textiles, the whole agricultural economy, everything developed, including the construction industry and the water industry, relatively linear.
And then suddenly an incredible acceleration began, when the first weaving machine was invented in By the way: this immediately led to the famous Weaver Uprising in Silesia, because it took away jobs. The second phase of the industrial revolution then followed in with the establishment of chemistry and electricity, hence mass production.
Electricity, not just coal, but electricity. The next big step was the first commercial robot in That is a robot that performs work relatively independently with a certain storage capacity. This was the third industrial revolution, largely made possible by electronics. We are now talking about the fourth. It is very controversial, though. Some also talk about the second digital revolution. But these are problems that I leave to others. What is sure is that we are moving towards a digitalisation like there has never been before, with cyber-controlled companies.
I am going to give you two very short examples. If you order a car today, it works like this: you go online, you put it together, you order it, you will soon be able to follow all the payment mechanisms online, right up to the bank, which will send you the credit online. You order the car, the computer sends it to a central computer, which calculates which components have to be delivered by which suppliers at what time and where.
The whole thing gets planned, programmed. Then at a certain point the model comes on a rail, is assembled and delivered. If it was not for the handing over of the keys at the end, you could also get the car home purely computer-controlled. Without ever having met anyone. A second example: Two weeks ago I visited a company, that manufactures Formula Three racing cars, near Parma.
They had a simulator, but not one of those we know, a real simulator: It stands on three legs and simulates the whole driving experience. There is a professional racing-car driver inside: Even Hamilton trains with machines like these. The whole braking process, the acceleration process, the movements, the curves, everything is perfectly simulated.
It is like actually sitting in the car driving on a real speedway. Two days before I came, a company had been there that had eighty tires on chips.
They were put in to be tested by a professional racing-car driver. There were no tires, there was no car, there was no racetrack. He drove in the rain in Indianapolis, on sand tracks with desert wind in Bahrain, everything simulated. After two days, the manufacturer knew which of these eighty tires he has to produce.
Racing cars are no longer produced as prototypes. They are completely tested beforehand and are built two months before the race - to give a little insight into what is going on. It is always difficult to explain developments that come along with Big Data- but I am going to give you an example: IBM is currently producing a computer for emergency rooms in hospitals. It works like this: you arrive, the computer asks you questions, or your relatives, if you feel very bad.
Your finger is placed on a sensor that then analyses your blood. Blood pressure, blood analysis, etc. They are analysed directly through the skin. The computer makes a comparison with millions and millions of patient data - these are the famous Big Data. The computer analyses the entire state of health with all its information. The computer analyses the entire state of health with all the information.
If an information is missing, it asks you questions. You enter the answer. Simply because the computer compares millions of patient data with yours.
But he also learns from you by saving your information - these are the intelligent systems. He learns from this case, which you now present as a patient, to continue to improve. So now the second constitution of reality is very obvious, very, very perceptible to everyone. What does that mean? We like to talk about the risks of this world, but I would like to make a preliminary remark: We are doing very, very well in Europe.
In other words, when we complain, we complain at a very high level.
We have a health system that works. We have a training system that works. As a rule, we have jobs that work.
We have a pension system that works. That is to say, when we look critically at these issues, we need to know from what point of view we are doing this. We are doing this from a very good position. That does not mean that we do not have to confront this problem. But I made that preliminary remark, so that what I am saying remains in the right dimension.
I would like to exclude the whole problem of environmental issues. It is one of the main problems, but it is now so well known, that I do not want to analyse it in detail here. We have a first problem, which is the general dependence on economic issues. Everything that happens is immediately an economic issue - benefit-costs -, because prosperity is produced economically. An economisation of the world.
That is the foundation of finance. Since it was the reason for the economy becoming more financial, mainly due to digitalisation. To a large extent, actually only explainable by digitalisation.
All'origine della pretesa cristiana
If you know how investment processes work. There are always computers analysing the world markets, telling you what trends there are. Sometimes the computers even have the decision-making power. In a few seconds, entire processes are transacted. Millions of dollars are getting rebooked, either to one side or the other.
Hence we are dealing with a type of financial exploitation of the economy. That, of course, also affects companies. Which are less and less able to plan for the long term. Since they have to generate ever shorter-term returns. So that investors are satisfied with their returns. We are a working society that is running out of work because more and more processes are being controlled. We will no longer have cashiers in many stores as well as many salespeople will no longer be necessary.
The banking industry will have much less direct customer contact, online banking will substitute most of it. He published Risposte cristiane ai problemi dei giovani. Led by his superiors to choose between scientific work in the theological faculty and work among the young people of Milan, Giussani opted for the latter, while still teaching until at Venegono.
In , he left his lodgings at the seminary and established himself in Milan, initially on Via Statuto, the location of GS.
A few months later, Father Giussani published Il senso religioso , the first version of a text whose successive editions would deepen the content and concerns of that first booklet, published by GIAC the Italian Youth of Catholic Action. At the head of GS, Giussani renewed its educational proposal, conceiving it as a Christian community present in schools.
The novelty in his method particularly struck Father Maurice Cocagnac, the editor of the French magazine Vie Spirituelle. All three were published with the ecclesiastical imprimatur. These were the years of a diffusion for GS in the Diocese of Milan and in Italy, and of the first endeavor of young lay people who left for the missions, starting with Brazil.
In , the first nucleus of what would become the reality of Memores Domini began to gather around Father Giussani. These were lay people who chose to dedicate themselves to God in virginity. In , at the same time as tensions were growing, and after a few months in the United States, Giussani left his role in GS, where signs of a crisis began to show themselves, a crisis that would culminate in , when many young people left GS to join the Student Movement, a reality that was going to lead protests throughout the schools and universities of Italy.
He published Teologia protestante americana: Profilo storico , with the publishing house of the Venegono Seminary. He also published Reinhold Niebuhr , with Jaca Book. In , he played a role in the foundation of the Cascinazza Benedectine Monastery outside Milan. In , at the request of the secretary of the Italian Bishop Conference CEI , he involved the Movement in the referendum campaign against divorce.
This is the right road.
Keep going. In a series of meetings, which took place throughout , Giussani noted a difficult situation taking shape in the life of CL: In Giussani published Il rischio educativo , where the reflections of twenty years as an educator, first in high school then in the university, bore fruit. In , summoned by the Italian Bishops Conference, he involved the Movement in the referendum campaign against abortion. On 11 February , the Pontifical Council for the Laity officially recognized the Fraternity of Communion and Liberation, with Father Giussani as founder and president for life.
That same year, on the eve of the Meeting for Friendship among Peoples the international cultural event that takes place every year in Rimini at the end of August Giussani was received in a private audience by Pope John Paul II, then he attended the Meeting, on the occasion of the papal visit.
Giussani would also come to the meeting in and In , he lead a pilgrimage to Rome with Communion and Liberation, on the occasion of an audience with John Paul II for the thirtieth anniversary of the Movement. In , he was named a consultor of the Pontifical Council for the Laity.
He attended a meeting of the Nueva Tierra cultural association in Avila, Spain, among the leaders of which was Fr. In , Il senso religioso: In the same year, he made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Uomo Chiesa Mondo.
The mayor of Nagoya, Japan, invited him to hold a conference on the religious sense. On that occasion, he met one of the leaders of Japanese Buddhism, professor Shodo Habukawa, with whom he would forge a deep friendship. Volume terzo del PerCorso, with Jaca Book; the second part of this book would come out in In , he underwent surgery to remove a tumor.
In , he was named a consulter of the Congregation of the Clergy.
In , he invited the leaders of CL Spain in the leadership of the movement's International Committee. That same year, with Stefano Alberto and Javier Prades, he published Generare tracce nella storia del mondo: He underwent surgery to remove a tumor.
In , Giussani was given the Corona Turrita, a recognition that the city of Desio offered to its illustrious citizens. On 11 February , on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the Pontifical recognition of the Fraternity of Communion and Liberation, John Paul II wrote a long letter to Father Giussani, in which, among other things, he affirmed:All three were published with the ecclesiastical imprimatur.
This means that we have a loss of reality through coping with reality. Obviously this fact may have said nothing to others, though it said a lot to me.
In altre lingue Aggiungi collegamenti. But Giussani, like Newman, sensed that our vision of the world is not simply self-evident, but rather this vision is determined by our choices. I would like to exclude the whole problem of environmental issues. Lo spazio sabaudo. Un invito all'ascolto della grande musica guidati da Luigi Giussani.
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