BIKER NEWS PDF
PDF | This paper will look at the lifestyles of biker women. From their roles in ecogenenergy.info PDF | Based on criminal career data of a sample of information on Dutch outlaw biker clubs that have come under official scrutiny. Men with a Hobby: Outlaw Motorcycle Clubs, News Media and Image Politics. 2 days ago Thousands of bikers have taken to the streets of central London to protest against the prosecution of of former Bloody Sunday paratrooper, Soldier F. Organisers claim as many as 11, bikers met on Park Lane this afternoon, before riding through London to Parliament Square and on.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Hindi|
|Genre:||Academic & Education|
|ePub File Size:||27.74 MB|
|PDF File Size:||8.69 MB|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Regsitration Required]|
biker gangs hells angels pagans outlaws bandidos bosozoku and other Outlaw Bikers Surge Again - ABC News. The Southern California-centered Mongols. from traditional motorcycle clubs, the structure and criminality of biker gangs, and profiles of four of the largest modern biker gangs (the Hells Angels, the Bandidos, the ecogenenergy.info PDF. Queen, W. (). Under and alone: The true story of the undercover. Biker Who Shot Me - [Free] Biker Who Shot Me [PDF] [EPUB] The Quebec of science fiction as a platform for the building of U.S. News | Latest.
Law enforcement agencies have confiscated colors and other club paraphernalia of these types of clubs when they raid a clubhouse or the home of a MC member, and they often display these items at press conferences. Courts have found that the probative value of such items is far outweighed by their unfairly prejudicial effects on the defence. The style or meaning of these other patches can vary between clubs. Some, such as a skull and crossbones patch, or the motto "Respect Few, Fear None", are worn in some clubs by members who commit murder or other acts of violence on behalf of the club.
These may not indicate Nazi sympathies, but serve to express the outlaw biker's total rejection of social constraints, and desire for the shock value among those who fail to understand the biker way. These women are claimed to pass over any pay they receive to their partners or sometimes to the entire club. We showed them we are real women dealing with real men.
I'd much prefer to be living with an OMC member than some dork who is a pawn in the system", said one woman who felt she and her peers had "set the record straight". These women have broken from society's stereotypically defined roles and find freedom with the biker world. Although race does not appear to be important as a creed or philosophical orientation to them, virtually all of the clubs are racially unmixed. The bust went down with search warrants and arrest warrants  Canada, especially, has in the late 20th century experienced a significant upsurge in crime involving outlaw motorcycle clubs, most notably in what has been dubbed the Quebec Biker War , which has involved more than murders  plus a young bystander killed by an exploding car bomb , 84 bombings , and cases of arson.
They often compare themselves to police departments, wherein the occasional "bad cop" does not make a police department a criminal organization and the Hells Angels sponsors charitable events for Toys for Tots in an attempt to legitimize themselves with public opinion. Belonging guarantees to each member the option of running criminal activity, using other members as support—the main characteristic of OMGs being "amoral individualism", in contrast to the hierarchical orders and bonds of "amoral familism" of other criminal organizations such as the Mafia.
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives ATF agent William Queen , who infiltrated the Mongols , wrote that what makes a group like them different from the Mafia is that crime and violence are not used as expedients in pursuit of profit, but that the priorities are reversed.
Mayhem and lawlessness are inherent in living "The Life" and the money they obtain by illegal means is only wanted as a way to perpetuate that lifestyle. But in June the High Court of Australia overturned a law that outlawed crime-focused motorcycle clubs and required members to avoid contact with one another.
Project Develop also seized 67 rifles, five handguns, three pairs of brass knuckles and a police baton. On May 21, , five of the accused arrested as part of Project Develop were convicted by a jury of various drug offenses including trafficking in cocaine and oxycodone , participating in a conspiracy to traffic GHB and possession of GHB for the purpose of trafficking. One of the accused was convicted of possessing a restricted firearm without a license. However, one accused, represented by defence lawyer Lenny Hochberg, was acquitted of two counts of trafficking handguns and possession of brass knuckles and another accused, Larry Pooler the Toronto chapter vice-president who represented himself, was acquitted of two counts of possessing unrestricted firearms without a license, two counts of trafficking oxycodone and one count of participating in a conspiracy to traffic GHB.
Furthermore, all accused were acquitted of all charges of acting in association with, or for the benefit of, a criminal organization. The emergence of biker gangs in Quebec happened contemporaneously with the United States. Quebec's economic crisis of the s saw many of Quebec's urban population heading for the rural communities in order to cultivate lands to provide for themselves and their families.
The settlers' children, like many youth of this era, were rebellious and rejected their parents' values. While the American gangs were created by World War II veterans, in Quebec the formation of motorcycle clubs which was seen as an expression of this rebellion.
As part of the same backlash against the "suffocating" conformism of the Grande Noirceur , outlaw biker clubs became extremely popular in Quebec in the s as many young French-Canadian men saw the outlaw biker culture as a way of expressing rebelliousness and machismo, and by Quebec had outlaw biker clubs.
By the s, Quebec outlaw motorcycle clubs incorporated many of the same characteristics as American biker clubs, although they mainly operated in rural communities instead of in major cities. One result of having so many outlaw biker clubs in the same province was an especially brutal competition for the control of organized crime rackets in Quebec.
In the biker world it's known as the Red Zone. I remember an Outlaws hit man telling me he was scared going to Montreal. Every Quebec region had its own puppet club: The Quebec Biker war between the Hells Angels and the Rock Machine began in and continued until late and claimed more than lives, including innocent bystanders. Maurice aka Mom Boucher was the leader of the Quebec chapters and second-in-command of the Canadian Nomad chapter, a chapter with no fixed geographic base.
The criminals had built up a system so sophisticated that they are above the law We are the only country in the world where the gangs have a free ride".
Their goal was to investigate the Nomad chapter of the Hells Angels in the Montreal and Quebec City regions until it was dismantled two years later to make way for a bigger, province-wide Task force. The Hells Angels threat in Quebec and Canada resulted in the first anti-gang law in Canadian legislation, as the Canadian government wished to build on the success of the American anti- racketeering legislation known as RICO. Furthermore, during the period the Canadian anti-gang legislation was created, many Montrealers were experiencing a high volume of violent acts which threatened civilians.
The tough shell of secrecy that protected the Hells Angels for years finally cracked during an investigation that has resulted in the arrests of almost every member of the gang in Quebec. The operation was expected to lead to the closing of 22 unsolved murders. Operation SharQc involved a full-patch member of the gang turning informant, a very rare occurrence in Quebec.
At the time of his death, Knudsen and other Bullshit members were the prime suspects for the double murder of two young men aged 16 and 20 in Amager six days before.
A Yugoslavian immigrant would later be convicted of those murders, however.
Nielsen fled to Canada but was apprehended and extradited back to Denmark in where he served sixteen years in prison for the murder. The following two Bullshit presidents after Knudsen were also assassinated.
Nielsen and Ludvigsen claimed that they had shot in self-defence after Marcus had drawn a handgun first. Bullshit MC left Christiania following Marcus' death and formally disbanded in By the end of the Copenhagen biker war, eight Bullshit members had been killed compared to one Hells Angel, in addition to one "civilian" which brought the total death toll to ten during the 2-year-four-month-long conflict. The Black Sheep later "patched-over" to were absorbed by the Hells Angels, while the Morticians were declined membership.
The Morticians, who were founded in , became a rival club of the Hells Angels by before changing their name to Undertakers MC and later aligning themselves with the Bandidos , whose only European chapter was based in Marseille , France at that point. In , the Hells Angels tried to prevent another club, Morbids MC, from growing into an established biker gang and potential rival in Sweden. The Morbids then also joined an alliance with the Bandidos, who backed-up their prospect club.
Outlaws MC also joined with the Bandidos in Norway. This eventually led to the Great Nordic Biker War , a conflict over control of the drug trade between the two most powerful outlaw biker gangs in Scandinavia, the Hells Angels and the Bandidos. Bandidos members who were returning from a weekend in Helsinki were shot, three wounded and one, Uffe Larsen, was killed at Copenhagen Airport on March 10, On October 6, , an anti-tank rocket was fired at a Hells Angels clubhouse in Copenhagen during a party.
Bandidos prospect Niels Poulsen was convicted of carrying out the attacks and sentenced to life in prison. The Bandidos responded by ordering shootings on Hells Angels members and allies in Frederiksberg , Copenhagen. Hells Angels member Vagn Smith was convicted of the murder and sentenced to life imprisonment.
The last incident happened on August 11, when the Bandidos clubhouse in Dalby was bombed. A law was passed in Denmark that banned motorcycle clubs from owning or renting property for their club activities. The law has subsequently been repealed on constitutional grounds. Bandidos associate Flemming Jensen was beaten and stabbed to death by Hells Angels members in a tavern in Aalborg on August 12, In , a Hells Angels-associated gang named Altid Klar " Altid Klar " is Danish for " Always Ready " and 81 is synonymous with the letters HA was formed in Denmark to combat immigrant street gangs in a feud over the lucrative illegal hash market.
AK81 has been recruiting much quicker than the mainstream Hells Angels as members are not required to own a motorcycle or wear a patch, and racial tensions are running high in parts of Denmark.
The first German charter of the Hells Angels was founded in the in Hamburg and was active in the red-light districts of St. Pauli and Sternschanze. In , Hells Angels members murdered a nightclub manager on the island of Sylt.
On August 11, , police officers stormed the clubhouse "Angels Place" in the red-light district Sternschanze and arrested the leaders of the Hells Angels of Hamburg. In , thirteen members were sentenced between 6 months to 7 years in prison and the Hamburg charter and its symbols were banned.
The other Hells Angels members and of members of the motorcycle club "Bones" in Hannover under its President Frank Hanebuth, who is a colorful character in the red-light scene of Hannover, took over the power in the Hamburg Kiez and controlled numerous brothels , including the "Laufhaus" and the "Pascha", on the Reeperbahn.
Some women were forced into prostitution with brutal violence. Meanwhile, Butcher fled to Brazil because the Hells Angels had set a bounty on him. German investigators tracked him to South America and persuaded him to give evidence. On November 1, , police officers moved to a major raid and arrested the new leadership of the association.
In Germany, Sweden and Poland 17 suspects were arrested and more than 50 kilograms of narcotics were seized.
The witnesses are now living under police protection because they fear for their lives. Helmut "Miko" M. Previously, in December , a bomb attack perpetrated on him failed due to an intermittent contact in the explosive device. The background to the crime was disputes over open money claims in the red-light district.
In March , a group of Hells Angels raided a Bandidos clubhouse in Stuhr where they assaulted and robbed five Bandidos members. Three were given jail sentences and another eleven were handed down suspended sentences at the trial which took place in Hannover on December 16, Nineteen police vehicles were in use and shots were fired.
A witness filmed the scene. All people involved including the Hells Angels, Bandidos and the witness were silent in court. Sources say there are two high ranking Hells Angels members involved in the conflict. On June 11, , Heino B. Reports say they drove to his Harley-Davidson shop and shot him there on May 23, After the first day of a related lawsuit on December 17, , riots between the two gangs and the police were reported.
Five private apartments and the clubhouse "Angels Place" in Bremen were searched. Police reports say the LKA-Bremen seized firearms, baseball bats, knives and illegal drugs. Police reports also say five Hells Angels members are on the run.
On July 17, ,  34 persons of a group of 50 were arrested in Oranienburg street in Berlin Mitte. Sources say the persons are supporters of the Hells Angels and bouncers and hooligans in the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern scene. Other sources say the persons are members of the "Brigade 81", a murderous group of the Hells Angels. One of the hooligans now ex-hooligan and vice-president of the Potsdam Hells Angels  was a famous and dangerous fighter, who had beaten the French police officer Daniel Nivel into a coma in The police seized white masks, knuckle dusters, telescopic batons, quartz-sand-gloves and illegal drugs.
The background of the incident was that a group of Bandidos appeared in the "Gold Club" and wanted to play power games. Later in , Bandidos members attacked a Hells Angels member in Berlin  and shots were fired at a Hells Angels member in Cottbus. On December 6, , the front man of the Hells Angels "Nomads", was brutally beaten in the nightclub "Omega" in Eberswalde. The perpetrators were members of the Chicanos, a support group of the Bandidos motorcycle gang.
In February , the Hells Angels published a statement about the mass brawl in Kiel, distancing itself from contacts to the right-wing scene. The attempt to draw the club into the right-wing haze is a personal insult for every member, the Hells Angels indicate.
One comes from Israel, one from Palestine, one even from Surinam.
And we are xenophobic? On June 5, , the clubhouse of the Chicanos was completely destroyed from inside. Several members of the Chicanos suffered skull fractures and elbow fractures. The attackers belong to the notorious "Brigade 81". Reports say the object was a homemade bomb and the car belonged to the president of the local Chicanos. A news channel claimed, the year-old Michael B. Police reports say there is a continuing war over territorial claims between the Bandidos and the Hells Angels.
In October , at the opening ceremony of a new Hells Angels pub in Potsdam , 70 police officers controlled persons, 39 vehicles and arrested one member, who was a fugitive belonging to the Hells Angels group "Nomads.
Two baseball bats and a banned one-handed knife were also found. Since December 22, , two members of the Hells Angels stood trial in Kaiserslautern.
They were accused, along with another Hells Angels member, who was previously a fugitive, of having allegedly murdered the year-old  President of the Donnersberg Outlaws MC in June Also in December , a year-old member of the Hells Angels was stabbed and critically injured in Erfurt. Shortly after the attack, the police arrested four suspects in Weimar, including two members of the Jena Bandidos. In January , the President of the Flensburg Hells Angels was arrested, accused of attempted homicide and hit-and-run driving, by having hit a Bandidos member with his car on the A7 , reports say.
Investigators searched for additional evidence in connection with the discovery of a weapons depot in a car repair shop in Flensburg. In November , police had discovered explosives, five machine guns, ten shotguns and pump guns, revolvers and pistols and lots of ammunition. Police reports say the background of this step is unknown.
German Bandidos probably have a problem with members of foreign origin. In general, it was claimed that the outlaw motorcyclists were nationalistic and felt they were "real German men", therefore members with Turkish roots were not welcome. A leading Hells Angels member confirmed the defection and said the new members will be part of "Hells Angels Turkey. On March 15, , a year-old supporter of the Bandidos was stabbed and badly injured in Kiel.
In the same night, police raided meeting points of the Hells Angels. A few days earlier, shots were fired at the house of the local Hells Angels leader. Since March , a Hells Angels member has been standing trial in Duisburg for having murdered an Oberhausen Bandidos member in Hochfeld, Duisburg on October 8, who was executed with a headshot in its red-light district.
The background to the crimes were caused by economic difficulties. In May , the warring gangs declared an armistice , but investigators doubt whether hostilities will cease. On May 3, , the Cologne chapter of the Hells Angels MC was forcefully disbanded and all property of the chapter was confiscated by the North Rhine-Westphalia ministry of home affairs.
On the same morning the North Rhine-Westphalian Police raided and searched 32 homes of its members. No arrests were made, however the public display of chapter symbols and the wearing of its regalia were banned.
An Ape Biker Gang Roars into Town in March's THE HUMANS
The North Rhine-Westphalian interior minister justified these actions by saying "The Hells Angels intentionally ignore the basic values of our society. They close themselves off from society, set up their own rules and practice vigilante justice ". Allegations of an information leak inside the Berlin ministry of home affairs about the upcoming measures were made. In early October, , Giessen Chapter boss Aygun Mucuk was shot dead at the chapter clubhouse, reportedly the result of a rivalry between the Giessen Hells Angels, whose membership is largely of Turkish origin, and the long-established Hells Angels chapter in nearby Frankfurt.
Hundreds of Hells Angels members gathered to ride in honor at his funeral. The Hells Angels control much of the drug trade in the Netherlands, and are also involved in prostitution. Belgian police also raided two locations over the border. A number of Hells Angels members were later imprisoned on charges of international trafficking of cocaine and ecstasy, the production and distribution of marijuana , money laundering and murder, after an investigation that lasted over a year.
In two Dutch newspapers reported that the Amsterdam brothel Yab Yum had long been controlled by the Dutch Hells Angels, who had taken over after a campaign of threats and blackmailing. During a subsequent trial the city's attorney repeated these allegations and the brothel's attorney denied them. Twenty-three bikers were arrested following a fight between Hells Angels and Mongols , in which several gunshots were fired and one person wounded, at the Van der Valk hotel in Rotterdam on April 7, Due to the extent of the criminal activities of HAMC in Norway , Kripos , the criminal investigation unit of the Norwegian police, considers the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club to be a criminal organisation.
In the presumed leader of HAMC Norway Leif Ivar Kristiansen was convicted of threats, robbery and severe drug crimes, and sentenced to four years and nine months in prison.
In another case he was found guilty of fencing and tax evasion, and a number of smaller charges.
The convictions include violence, rape, severe drug criminality and threats. In , and the police conducted raids on the HAMC headquarters in Oslo and confiscated a number of illegal weapons in all the raids. The police demanded in October that the headquarters be seized as they believe the house is being used as a staging ground for organized criminal activities.
Around 80 search warrants and dozens of arrest arrests were issued. Bely, along with Andrei Bykov and Bykov's spouse, cousin, adopted daughter and her husband allegedly obtained the drug from the Hells Angels and delivered it to St. Petersburg , passing it off as bath salts. In May , Bykov's wife fled to South Africa, seeking to avoid criminal prosecution. The group then began delivering ephedrine under the guise of detergent.
In , three accomplices of Bykov and Bely were found guilty and sentenced to prison terms. Andrei Bykov and his wife Yevgenia were extradited in and received and year sentences, respectively. Two of them were members of the club's Italian chapters. The Hells Angels arrested were charged with drugs and weapons trafficking, and extortion. One suspect also attempted to use a firearm against police officers as he was being arrested.
On October 12, , a club owned by the Hells Angels in Barcelona, The other place , was attacked by anti-fascists while a Nazi concert organized by the far-right party Democracia Nacional was held there. Members of the Spanish Charter were involved in a killing and tried. Sweden is home to twelve Hells Angels chapters with members and official supporters. The National Criminal Intelligence Service stated that the Hells Angels in the UK have been involved in the cannabis and amphetamine trade, as well as prostitution , theft and extortion ,  and also accused a small group of them of being responsible for more assaults and murders than any other organized group in the country.
Ian "Moose" Everest was convicted of raping the girl and sentenced to seven years, while Stephen "Boots" Ripley and Anthony "Chas" Mann were each given four years for aiding and abetting Everest. A group of up to 30 Hells Angels ambushed 15 members of an unsanctioned Windsor "Hells Angels" chapter who were sleeping in a car park near Brockenhurst in April Richard Sharman, the leader of the Windsor chapter, survived being shot three times in the head and another man received a shotgun wound to the buttocks.
With further violence seeming inevitable, undercover police officers were assigned to observe key figures on both sides. The Hells Angels became involved in a dispute between a Dutch drug trafficker and a Liverpool crime family in late The Liverpudlian gang had made a significant down payment on a large shipment of cannabis from Amsterdam which was seized by British customs officials during a routine check of a Dutch-registered ship docking at Manchester.
While the Hells Angels waited in their car, a gunman approached and shot Rowledge four times in the chest, killing him, before escaping in a waiting vehicle. Pierre Rodrigue and David Rouleau, two Canadian Hells Angels from the Sherbrooke chapter, were arrested by British police London at the request of the RCMP in February before being extradited to Canada and sentenced to 14 years imprisonment for conspiring to smuggle kilograms of cocaine into the UK in a scheme also involving the Rizzuto crime family and Colombian cartels.
The Hells Angels waged a two-year turf war with the Outcasts, who are centred in London and East Anglia , during the late s. The dispute between the two clubs is believed to have begun when the Outcasts tried to absorb a small Hertfordshire club, The Lost Tribe, in June Concerned that such a move would make the Outcasts their equal in numbers, the Hells Angels made The Lost Tribe honorary members.
That November, two members of the Outcasts were arrested in possession of loaded shotguns, allegedly on their way to confront the Hells Angels. Armstrong was dragged from his motorcycle and hacked to death with axes and knives; St Clair raced to his aid but was stabbed eight times. Ronald Wait, president of the Hells Angels' Essex chapter, was convicted of conspiring to cause grievous bodily harm and sentenced to fifteen years imprisonment in relation to the incident.
Two Outcasts were then shot close to their east London clubhouse. Both survived but refused to co-operate with police. The Outlaws, who have around British members across 14 chapters mainly based in the West Midlands , have since become the Hells Angels' main rivals in the UK since opening chapters in the country in Hells Angels member Gerry Tobin was shot dead as he rode his motorcycle home to London, where he worked as a Harley-Davidson service manager, from the Bulldog Bash in Warwickshire on August 12, Two bullets were fired from a Rover car which drove up alongside him as he sped down the M40 motorway , one hitting him in the head.
Seven members of the Outlaws, the entire South Warwickshire chapter, were convicted over his murder and sentenced to a total of years in prison. A brawl between up to thirty Hells Angels and Outlaws members took place at Birmingham International Airport on January 20, after the two groups had found themselves together on a flight from Alicante , Spain, with police recovering various weapons including knuckledusters , hammers, a machete and a meat cleaver.
Hells Angels member Dennis Taskin was jailed for six years and nine months after admitting illegally possessing ammunition and five guns as well as cocaine, amphetamines and morphine.
Police had found an Uzi , three revolvers and an antique pistol as well as dum-dum bullets and drugs when they raided a flat rented by Taskin in Hove on December 26, Alcock and Estridge were both sentenced to 14 years. The first Welsh Hells Angels chapter was formed in Gary Young, a probationary club member, was charged with possessing the weapon; he denied the charge and was found not guilty.
He was later granted a conditional discharge for two years after admitting possessing a firearm without a certificate, possessing an offensive weapon and possessing three amounts of cannabis, charges which stemmed from several further police raids on his home during the initial investigation.
Young was expelled from the Hells Angels due to the club taking exception to him "naming names" about who was whom within the West Wales chapter. Neil Lake needed three metal plates inserted in his face after being attacked by a Hells Angel at a petrol station in Cardiff in October Lake took down the registration of his attacker's Harley-Davidson motorcycle which led police to Sean Timmins, the vice-president of the Wolverhampton chapter.
Timmins denied inflicting grievous bodily harm on Lake and claimed that a fellow club member had been riding around with the same number plates as him; he told a judge he knew the identity of the actual attacker but explained that it would be against club rules for him to name him. Timmins was cleared of the charge in September after providing an alibi who said that he was working in his hometown on the day of the attack.
Hells Angels members Stephen Jones and Raymond Scaddan were cleared of violent behavior, while former member Andrew McCann was also found not guilty of violent disorder but convicted of using threatening, abusive, insulting words or behavior at Newport Crown Court on November 1, The Grateful Dead were also scheduled to perform but cancelled at the last minute owing to the ensuing circumstances at the venue.
Crowd management proved to be difficult, resulting in both spectator injury and death. Over the course of the day, the Hells Angels became increasingly agitated as the crowd turned more aggressive. At a later murder trial of Hells Angel Alan Passaro , a security guard testified he heard the Hells Angels being summoned over the loudspeakers when the helicopter bearing The Rolling Stones landed. Debate after the event was over whether the Hells Angels were to manage security for the entire concert or just for The Rolling Stones.
Sam Cutler , the Stones' agent who had arranged to pay the Hells Angels said their role was as bodyguards to the Rolling Stones. This was denied by the Hells Angels as well as others connected to the event. During the opening act of Santana, the Hells Angels surged into the crowd numerous times to keep persons off stage.
By the time The Rolling Stones took stage, numerous incidents of violence had occurred both between the Hells Angels and internally within the crowd, not the least of which featured a circus performer weighing over pounds stripping naked and running amok amid the concertgoers.
Audience members attempted to detain him. Eventually, the irate man was subdued after Angels intervened with fists and makeshift weapons, while a crowd of 4,—5, looked on from the edge of the stage. The aggression did not subside there. After an Angel's motorcycle was toppled, club members' tempers continued to escalate, their ire spread wide between the audience and performers alike. At one point, Marty Balin of Jefferson Airplane was knocked unconscious following an altercation with an Angel, an event later depicted in Gimme Shelter.
The Grateful Dead refused to play following the Balin incident, and left the venue. A shoving match erupted near the stage during a rendition of the song " Under My Thumb ". He returned, producing a handgun. A Hells Angel member, Alan Passaro , was later acquitted of murder on grounds of self-defense. After the concert and critical media attention given to the HAMC, Sonny Barger went on a local California radio station to justify the actions of the Hells Angels and to present their side of the story.
He claimed that violence only started once the crowd began vandalizing the Hells Angels' motorcycles. Barger would later claim that Meredith fired a shot which struck a Hells Angels member with what he described as "just a flesh wound. In , after a two-year exhaustive cold-case renewal of the file, the Alameda County District Attorney's office permanently closed the case. An enhanced and slowed down version of the original film footage was produced for the police, and after examining it Alameda County Sheriff's Sgt.
Scott Dudek said Passaro, who died in , was the only person to stab Hunter and he did so only after Hunter pointed a handgun at the stage where the Stones were performing.
Charges dropped in all cases from Waco, Texas, biker shootout
Alan Passaro is the only person who stabbed Meredith Hunter, Dudek said, adding that Passaro's lawyer confirmed his client was the sole assailant. In , president of the San Jose chapter Jeffrey Pettigrew,  was shot four times in the back on September 23, at a casino in Sparks, Nevada.
Two California members of the Vagos motorcycle club at the crime scene were also shot but survived. Pettigrew was in Sparks for 'Street Vibrations', a long-running motorcycle festival in the Reno area. Sparks declared a state of emergency after another motorcyclist wearing Vagos colors was shot shortly afterwards in the stomach from a passing vehicle. Ernesto Manuel Gonzales was later arrested in San Francisco in connection with the death of Pettigrew.
According to police, after the shooting, the suspect, Steve Ruiz, disappeared and one or more people tampered with the crime scene, washing away bloodstains and removing evidence of the shooting.
Members of the Hells Angels and the Mongols motorcycle clubs fought each other on the casino floor. Cox and Hannigan were captured on videotape confronting Mongols members inside the casino. A Hells Angel member can be clearly seen on the casino security videotape performing a front kick on a Mongol biker member, causing the ensuing melee. However, prior to this altercation, several incidents of harassment and provocation were noted in the Clark County, Nevada Grand Jury hearings as having been perpetrated upon The Hells Angels.
Members of the Mongols accosted a vendor's table selling Hells Angels trademarked items, had surrounded a Hells Angel and demanded he remove club clothing. In addition, nine witnesses claimed the fight began when a Mongol kicked a member of the Hells Angels. Regardless of which minor physical incident can be said to have "caused the melee", it is clear that The Hells Angels had come to confront the Mongols concerning their actions.
Attorneys for the Hells Angels claimed that the Hells Angels were defending themselves from an attack initiated by the Mongols. Charges were dismissed against 36 other Hells Angels originally named in the indictment. In September , near Buffalo at the Lancaster Speedway drag races, there was a clash between the Hells Angels and a rival biker gang resulting in two deaths, and multiple injuries.
The resulting investigation by the NYPD has been criticized by the group for its intensity. The police were refused access to the Hells Angels clubhouse and responded by closing off the area, setting up sniper positions, and sending in an armored personnel carrier. The group claims to have no connection with the beating of Shalaby. A club lawyer said they intended to sue the city of New York for false arrest and possible civil rights violations.
Hells Angels were involved in a large-scale, pre-arranged brawl with The Breed at a motorcycle show in Cleveland, Ohio on March 6, Over a hundred bikers from both sides were involved, and four members of The Breed and a Hells Angel were stabbed to death. Dozens of vans and cars full of police officers were called in to break up the fight. On February 27, David Hartlaub was murdered in his van at a bank parking lot near the Musicland record store that he managed, as he was dropping off the nightly deposit.
Cleveland Hells Angels were planning to retaliate against a Sandusky Outlaw gang member for the Joliet, IL shooting of an Hells Angels member the previous year, at which Bonds had been present. The Outlaw member drove a van almost identical to Hartlaub's.
Get your daily Sudbury news briefing
The trio mistook Hartalub's van for their enemy's and shot and killed him by mistake. Both the gun and the van's carpet were spattered with blood, allowing police to use DNA evidence, and discovered that John Ray Bonds was the shooter who had hid inside Hartlaub's van and was waiting to kill him. He shot him with a MAC 9-mm semi-automatic pistol fitted with a homemade silencer. Bond's DNA profile analyzed by the FBI matched the bloodstains found in Yee's car and based on this they were able to use it as key evidence.
This was one of the first cases of DNA being used for criminal conviction. The trial and legal wrangling lasted nearly two years and ended in long prison terms for all three Hells Angels members, who may remain in prison on sentences up to life. The investigation revealed that the group engaged in drug dealing, money laundering, firearms trafficking, violent crimes, attempted armed robbery, arson, and other offenses.
In excess of one hundred guns including fully automatic machine guns, silencers , assault rifles with high-capacity magazines , pistols, and sawed-off shotguns were trafficked by the group and recovered during the execution of search warrants, and members of the organization also supplied methamphetamine, cocaine, bath salts and prescription pain pills.
The Hells Angels' leadership coordinated the criminal activity and received kickbacks from proceeds generated by members and associates of the chapter. Law enforcement began the operation when Bifield made a drug deal with an informant in and arrested twenty people — sixteen men and four women — in a series of raids in June The last of the sixteen convicted were sentenced in June ; the group was sentenced to more than years imprisonment collectively.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Hells Angels. See also: Main articles: Quebec Biker war and Lennoxville massacre. Gangs portal. The Independent. August 14, Retrieved August 13, Archived from the original PDF on September 6, US Department of Justice. Archived from the original on April 15, Retrieved January 23, Hells Angels". BBC News. March 10, August 21, Retrieved January 9, Archived from the original on February 3, July 14, Montreal Gazette.
Hells Angels: Retrieved July 3, November 4, Archived from the original PDF on September 13, March 3, New York Times. Stockholm Sweden ; Sweden. July 6, To enquire or register for a Biker Down course, email bikerdown derbys-fire. Treat mass shooting trauma beyond initial tragedy. Police have exercised similar authority against Hells Angels members in other Canadian cities.
Schievella was found with a toe amputated but told police he could not recall how it happened and no motive has been established for the incident.
While the American gangs were created by World War II veterans, in Quebec the formation of motorcycle clubs which was seen as an expression of this rebellion. Praeger, , The other Hells Angels members and of members of the motorcycle club "Bones" in Hannover under its President Frank Hanebuth, who is a colorful character in the red-light scene of Hannover, took over the power in the Hamburg Kiez and controlled numerous brothels , including the "Laufhaus" and the "Pascha", on the Reeperbahn.
Archived from the original on October 7,