DRAW IT TO KNOW IT PDF
To help you learn psychology on your own, Psychology: A Self-Teaching Guide Following each section there are one or se. In Neuroanatomy: Draw It to Know It, we shift the process of learning neuroanatomy away from the classic model of spatial de-encoding, away from the right. NEUROANATOMY. Draw It to Know It. ADAM FISCH, M D. Washington University in St. Louis. School of Medicine. Department of Neurology. St. Louis, MO. 1.
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Guide to Draw It to Know It Neuroanatomy. (relative to Medical Neuro, UI-COM Urbana). Note: Sometimes DITKI goes into far more detail than is necessary for. ecogenenergy.info ecogenenergy.info - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. Veja grátis o arquivo neuroanatomy DRAW IT TO KNOW ecogenenergy.info enviado para a disciplina de Neuroanatomia Categoria: Anotações - 24 -
Over the course of 39 chapters, most of the clinically important neu- roanatomically important subjects are covered, ranging through the overall organization of the nervous system, the coverings of the brain, the peripheral nervous system, the spinal cord, the brainstem, the cerebellum, and the cerebral cortex. It is clear that the book was written by an experienced neurologist, as the topics are organized in a fashion that illumi- nates the principle of anatomical pathophysiological correlation, which is the tool with which neurologists approach clinical problems.
Th is book should be of great interest to all neurologists, neurosurgeons, neurology residents, and students of neurology. Others who see patients with neurological com- plaints, such as internists, emergency physicians and obstetrician-gynecologists should also review their neuroanatomy if they wish to provide excellent care to their patients.
By drawing the anatomy, the reader of this book literally teaches the subject to himself. By making it clinically relevant, the information learned in this manner is likely to stick. Adam Fisch has done us all a great service by rekindling the enjoyment in learning the relevant, elegant anatomy of the nervous system.
Martin A. When we master it, we can resolve the most perplexing diagnostic riddles in medicine, and yet we struggle with the numerous neuroanatomical structures and path- ways, the intertextual inconsistencies in nomenclature and opinion, and the complex spa- tial relationships.
So here, we bring the diff erences in nomenclature and opinion to the forefront to mitigate them and we present the material in an active, kinesthetic way. In this book, we approach each neuroanatomical lesson by beginning fresh with a blank page, and 1.
DRAW IT TO KNOW IT PDF DOWNLOAD
Each color was coded for particular structures red for the caudate, green for the putamen, yellow for the claustrum and burnt sienna for the globus pallidus. At our senior play, which poked fun at our professors, a beleaguered medical student was asked to name the components of the basal ganglia.
Without knowing what the structures even were or did, he responded red, green, yellow, and burnt sienna. Almost forty years later, this remains a class joke.
Except for the handful of us who went into neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry, the basal ganglia to the rest of my class is just a fading joke from the distant past.
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And yet, no one can practice even rudimentary neurology without some basic under- standing of the neuroanatomy. Non-neurologists in particular, many of whom see large numbers of patients with neurological complaints, have no hope of sorting out common problems such as headache, dizziness, tiredness, fatigue, sleep disorders, numbness and tingling, and pain, without a reasonable grasp of how the nervous system is organized.
Despite all of the marvelous advances in neuroscience, genetics, and neuroimaging, the actual practice of neurology, whether it is done by a neurologist or a non-neurologist, involves localizing the problem.
The nervous system is just too complicated to skip this step. Without an organized approach based on a reasonable understanding of functional neuroanatomy, clinical neurology becomes incomprehensible.
Neuroanatomy Draw It To Know It
In his wonderful book, Neuroanatomy: Draw It to Know It, neurologist Adam Fisch applies my old neuroanatomy professors colored pencil idea in a manner that actually works, and its fun!
Over the course of 39 chapters, most of the clinically important neu- roanatomically important subjects are covered, ranging through the overall organization of the nervous system, the coverings of the brain, the peripheral nervous system, the spinal cord, the brainstem, the cerebellum, and the cerebral cortex.
Th en, draw the medulla; then, the spinal cord; and lastly, the adjacent thoracic paraverte- bral ganglia.
First, draw the carotid body at the bifur- cation of the common carotid artery and then the aortic bodies below the arch of the aorta. Next, draw the carotid sinus in the proximal walls of the internal carotid artery and then the aortic arch baroreceptors in the aortic arch.
Th e carotid body and aortic bodies are chemorecep- tors that respond to arterial oxygen and carbon dioxide levels and blood acidity. Th e carotid sinus and aortic arch baroreceptors are baroreceptors, which respond to stretch changes in the arterial vasculature due to changes in blood pressure. Now, show that the glossopharyngeal nerve carries aff erents from the carotid body and carotid sinus and that the vagus nerve carries aff erents from the aortic bodies and aortic arch baroreceptors.
Next, within the lateral dorsal medulla, label the soli- tary tract nucleus, and within the central medulla, label the nucleus ambiguus. Th en, draw a coronal view through the ventrolateral medullary reticular formation, called simply the ventrolateral medulla.
Divide the ventrolat- eral medulla into rostral and caudal segments for reasons we will show soon. Now, indicate that the glossopharyn- geal and vagus nerves project their central processes to the solitary tract nucleus. Th en, show that the solitary tract nucleus innervates the nucleus ambiguus, which projects to the parasympathetic cardiac ganglion and induces heart rate deceleration.
Note that the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus may play a parallel but very minor role to that of nucleus ambiguus in cardiac inner- vation. Now, show that the rostral ventrolateral medulla provides tonic sympathetic stimulation to the interme- diolateral cell column of the spinal cord, which produces heart rate acceleration. Th en, indicate that the solitary tract nucleus excites the caudal ventrolateral medulla, which inhibits the rostral segment of the ventrolateral medulla, which provides further means for heart rate deceleration.
Note that we have left out some of the nuclei and regions involved in this refl ex for simplicity; they are the parabrachial pontine nucleus, sensorimotor cortex, amygdala, and hypothalamus.
A simple way to test the cardiovascular response is by varying your pulse. Take your pulse and get a good sense of your heart rate.Each color was coded for particular structures red for the caudate, green for the putamen, yellow for the claustrum and burnt sienna for the globus pallidus.
Th en, draw the medulla; then, the spinal cord; and lastly, the adjacent thoracic paraverte- bral ganglia. Th e human hippocampus: Th en, show that the solitary tract nucleus innervates the nucleus ambiguus, which projects to the parasympathetic cardiac ganglion and induces heart rate deceleration.
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